Hot off the press! Understanding Expertise: A multidisciplinary Approach


Gobet, F. (in press). Understanding expertise: A multidisciplinary approach. London: Palgrave.

Experts fascinate. From physicians able to diagnose an illness instantly to musicians eliciting deep emotions with a few notes, experts convey an aura of magic. Our social and legal systems rely heavily on experts. The government and industry, both in Europe and elsewhere, increasingly depend on the knowledge and advice provided by experts. At the same time, many members of society appear increasingly prone to anxieties about the reliability of expertise — experts, after all, do sometimes make mistakes.

How do people become experts? In order to answer this question fully, we need to understand expertise on a number of levels ranging from the neural level to the psychological level and the social level. Furthermore, to understand the impact of expert knowledge on society we need to understand its definition, its transmission and its formalisation. This book addresses these issues from a range of perspectives and disciplines, including psychology, neuroscience, sociology, education, law and artificial intelligence.


1     Introduction
2     Perception and Categorisation
3     Memory
4     Problem Solving
5     Decision Making
6     Intuition, Insight and Creativity
7     Talent, Individual Differences and Gender Differences
8     Learning and Education
9     Development and Ageing
10   Neuroexpertise
11   Experts and Society
12   Sociology
13   Philosophy
14   Artificial Intelligence and Expert Systems
15   Putting It All Together




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