(ISBN 90 232 2949 5)
This study consists of two main parts, followed by a brief discussion between the two authors. De Groot first explains a few basic issues in memory experimentation; he argues that recall experiments with complex chess positions had better be considered primarily as experiments in problem solving. He then reports on, and re-analyses findings of a broad experimental study, thus far unpublished in English, made in collaboration with his former student Rickend W. Jongman in the late sixties. This work is of special interest by his use of original experimental procedures and analytic tools, such as position guessing experiments, achievement measured as amount of information transferred (Chs. 2 and 3), and qualitative analysis of retrospective protocols (Ch. 4).
In the second part of the book, Gobet discusses recent results in
chess research within cognitive psychology (Ch.5). Chapter 6 and 7
are devoted to analyses on eye movement data as parallel data,
including the congruence between eye fixations, retrospective
protocols and the number and location of pieces correctly replaced.
Finally (Ch. 8), a computer model of chess memory and perception is
presented, which integrates in a unified model several earlier
proposals as well as some of Jongman's recommendations of
incorporating problem solving routines in simulation programs of
chess memory. The program offers a good fit to the empirical data
described in the earlier chapters of the book. In the conclusion, the
two authors discuss their different theoretical views and delineate
zones of agreement .
Chapter 1 Heuristics in chess perception; an introduction to the problem
Chapter 2 The information contents of a position
Chapter 3 Experiments in chess perception; replication and analysis
Chapter 4 Chessplayers' professionnal eye
Chapter 5 Perception and Memory in chess: recent developpements
Chapter 6 Eye movement data: technique and results
Chapter 7 Eye movement data and retrospective protocols
Chapter 8 Learning, perception and memory in chess: model and simulations
Conclusion A discussion: Two authors, two different views?